Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition characterised by unstable blood sugar levels. We get blood sugar from the food we eat and it supplies our body with energy. However – the substance must be kept within a healthy range – if it is tipped in the wrong direction it can cause serious health problems. Unfortunately, the main regulating force against high blood sugar levels – insulin – is hampered if you have type 2 diabetes.
The key is to cut back on simple carbohydrates, which are broken down quickly by the body to be used as energy.
Simple carbohydrates are called simple sugars. Sugars are found in a variety of natural food sources including fruit, vegetables and milk, and give food a sweet taste.
Complex carbohydrates, on the other hand, take longer to break down so are a safer bet.
Whole grain foods and starchy vegetables are more slowly absorbed than refined carbohydrates.
Physical exercise also helps lower your blood sugar level – you should aim for 2.5 hours of activity a week, advises the NHS.
You can be active anywhere as long as what you’re doing gets you out of breath.
This could be:
- Fast walking
- Climbing stairs
- Doing more strenuous housework or gardening.
“Losing weight (if you’re overweight) will make it easier for your body to lower your blood sugar level, and can improve your blood pressure and cholesterol,” adds the NHS.