Type 2 diabetes often creeps up announced and only becomes apparent when blood sugar levels are consistently too high. Unstable blood sugar levels are a feature of type 2 diabetes. If you have the chronic condition, it means your body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it does produce is not absorbed by the cells.
Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar (the main type of sugar you get from food) so without it, blood sugar is free to run rampant, which can inflict damage on the body.
It is therefore vital to heed the warning signs of high blood sugar to stave off the risks.
According to diabetes.co.uk, one telltale sign you have high blood sugar levels and therefore type 2 diabetes is waking up tired.
As the health body explains, if you wake up tired despite having a full night’s sleep, it can signal your blood sugar levels are either too high or too low.
READ MORE: Type 2 diabetes: How to minimise your risk of the condition if you have pre-diabetes
There are two key aspects to blood sugar management – diet and exercise.
Take diet first. There’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but you’ll have to limit certain foods.
Carbohydrates can have a pronounced effect on blood sugar levels so it is not so much the amount of carbs you eat but the quality that counts.
The glycaemic index (GI) has been devised to help you distinguish between good and bad carbs.
Low or medium GI foods are broken down more slowly and cause a gradual rise in blood sugar levels over time.
- Some fruit and vegetables
- Wholegrain foods, such as porridge oats.
To keep blood sugar levels in check, you should also aim for 2.5 hours of activity a week, says the NHS.
“You can be active anywhere as long as what you’re doing gets you out of breath,” adds the health body.